Chantilly

The origins of crème Chantilly

Usually attributed to Francois Vatel, the cook of Louis XIV superintendent Nicolas Fouquet, Chantilly cream has certainly more ancient origins. Many believe it was invented in the Middle East and brought to Italy after the fall of Constantinople. The whipped cream favoured by Catherine of Medici probably reached the court when she arrived in France with her cooks for her wedding with Henri II. The cream was served at the dinner table by Francois Vatel during the sublime meal offered to the king by Fouquet in his castle of Vaux le Vicomte in 1661. The meal was so good that the future Louis XIV, jealous of such luxury, sent Fouquet to jail. Two years later, Vatel was hired by the Prince of Condé to take over the kitchens of the castle of Chantilly. Once again an exceptional feast was prepared for the King, ten years after the one he had been served in Vaux le Vicomte. Overworked and ashamed by the imperfections of the meal, Vatel took his life. Since then, crème Chantilly became the symbol of the tragic fate of the chef and took the name of a town in which it was not effectively created.

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La crème Chantilly n’a pas vraiment été inventée dans la ville dont elle porte le nom © Paul Downey
Stage town for the 1st time
County town in a canton of the Oise (60)
11,200 inhabitants (Cantiliens)
810,300 inhabitants in the Oise

Economy:
Horseracing (largest racehorse training centre in France), tourism

Culture: The domain of Chantilly notably includes the château (16th century and rebuilt in the 19th century), the Grand Stables and Museum of the Horse, the Musée Condé (second biggest collection of old paintings in France after the Louvre), the library, the park, the gardens and forest, Pavillon de Manse (old water-lifting machine that is the only one in Europe), Church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (17th century), the pharmacy the Princes of Condé, the Princes' vegetable garden, the lace museum. Events: Journées des Plantes (horticulture)

Sport : US Chantilly (football), ROCC (rugby), Les Fox (American football), Chantilly Athlétisme, Première Compagnie d'Arc de Chantilly (archery), Polo Club de Chantilly, racecourse, golf. Events: Global Champions Tour (show jumping), Prix du Jockey Club (horseracing), Prix de Diane (horseracing), Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (horseracing), in 2016 the Open de France de polo

Specialities: Chantilly cream, lace, porcelain

Sustainable development: 7km of cycle paths, 2 free buses

Distinction: City of art of history

The cream of the peloton on the cobbles

Known for horse riding, Chantilly also welcomed other riders from 1966 and 1976 when it served as the start of Paris-Roubaix. Over this decade, Belgians Eddy Merckx and Roger de Vlaeminck shared the honours equitably with three victories each. The Gypsy added a fourth to his record in 1977 when the start was transferred to Compiegne, where it still takes place today. This period was an important one in the history of the Queen of Classics as it saw the introduction of the ill-famed Trench of Arenberg in 1968 for the first win by Merckx. But the most impressive display of strength by the Cannibal was two years later when he left De Vlaeminck more than five minutes adrift.

Bernard Hinault a remporté 3 éditions de Paris-Roubaix, dont le départ était donné à Chantilly © Presse SportsLe belge Roger de Vlaeminck après une victoire sur le Paris-Roubaix © Presse Sports
Stage town for the 1st time
County town in a canton of the Oise (60)
11,200 inhabitants (Cantiliens)
810,300 inhabitants in the Oise

Economy:
Horseracing (largest racehorse training centre in France), tourism

Culture: The domain of Chantilly notably includes the château (16th century and rebuilt in the 19th century), the Grand Stables and Museum of the Horse, the Musée Condé (second biggest collection of old paintings in France after the Louvre), the library, the park, the gardens and forest, Pavillon de Manse (old water-lifting machine that is the only one in Europe), Church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (17th century), the pharmacy the Princes of Condé, the Princes' vegetable garden, the lace museum. Events: Journées des Plantes (horticulture)

Sport : US Chantilly (football), ROCC (rugby), Les Fox (American football), Chantilly Athlétisme, Première Compagnie d'Arc de Chantilly (archery), Polo Club de Chantilly, racecourse, golf. Events: Global Champions Tour (show jumping), Prix du Jockey Club (horseracing), Prix de Diane (horseracing), Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (horseracing), in 2016 the Open de France de polo

Specialities: Chantilly cream, lace, porcelain

Sustainable development: 7km of cycle paths, 2 free buses

Distinction: City of art of history

Web sites

Places to see

Domain of Chantilly
In the heart of the domain, the castle is made of a series of buildings constructed between the 15th and the 19th century. The small castle (1560) shelters the dwellings of the princes of Condé, while the larger castle was rebuilt between 1875 and 1885 by the Duke of Aumale in order to exhibit his collections. The Condé museum owns 1,000 paintings, making it the largest collection of old paintings in France after the Louvre. The museum also includes an impressive collection of ancient books with 30,000 volumes. The 115 ha park comprises a French garden designed by Andre Le Notre and an Anglo-Chinese garden from the late 18th century. Also to visit in the domain: the Great Stables and the Museum of the horse.

Museum of Chantilly Lace
A collection of 19th century hand-made Chantilly lace with more than 1,000 items.

Notre-Dame church
Symbolic of the town's history, it was built in the 17th century from plans by Jules Hardouin-Mansart in a classic style imitating Antiquity. The monument of the hearts contained the hearts of the princes of Condé between 1852 and 1883.

The officer houses
An exceptional lining of 18th century houses built alongside the Great Stables, with their façades to the racecourse and on Rue du Connétable.

The Condé pharmacy
A collection of more than 120 18th century pharmaceutical pots in fine china, marked with the seal of the princes of Bourbon-Condé and covered with astonishing labels (hemlock, whale white, Mithridates…) or disgusting indications (bug's eyes, dog's tongues or viper powder).

The racecourse
Built in the 1840s to host the horse races staged since 1834 on what was then known as the Lawn, the Chantilly racecourse is a major element of the development of Chantilly since the 19th century. Flanked by the Great Stables, the castle, the forest and the historical part of Chantilly, the track is known for the supple turf that made its reputation. The tribunes, built in the 1880S, are listed as historical monuments. Specialised since the beginning in flat racing, it has hosted for more than 150 years two of the most prestigious horse races, Prix du Jockey Club and Prix de Diane. Chantilly is also the world's largest horse training centre with four training grounds and 120 km of tracks for more than 2,600 thoroughbreds.

Le château, l’hippodrome et les grandes écuries du domaine de Chantilly © Mairie de ChantillyL’église Notre-Dame-de-l’Assomption © Mel22Les maisons des officiers © Mairie de ChantillyChantilly est réputée pour son hippodrome qui accueille des courses prestigieuses © Chantilly Jumping
Stage town for the 1st time
County town in a canton of the Oise (60)
11,200 inhabitants (Cantiliens)
810,300 inhabitants in the Oise

Economy:
Horseracing (largest racehorse training centre in France), tourism

Culture: The domain of Chantilly notably includes the château (16th century and rebuilt in the 19th century), the Grand Stables and Museum of the Horse, the Musée Condé (second biggest collection of old paintings in France after the Louvre), the library, the park, the gardens and forest, Pavillon de Manse (old water-lifting machine that is the only one in Europe), Church of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (17th century), the pharmacy the Princes of Condé, the Princes' vegetable garden, the lace museum. Events: Journées des Plantes (horticulture)

Sport : US Chantilly (football), ROCC (rugby), Les Fox (American football), Chantilly Athlétisme, Première Compagnie d'Arc de Chantilly (archery), Polo Club de Chantilly, racecourse, golf. Events: Global Champions Tour (show jumping), Prix du Jockey Club (horseracing), Prix de Diane (horseracing), Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (horseracing), in 2016 the Open de France de polo

Specialities: Chantilly cream, lace, porcelain

Sustainable development: 7km of cycle paths, 2 free buses

Distinction: City of art of history

Web sites

Jersey wearers after the stage 21

Classifications after the stage 21

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